STDs or sexually transmitted diseases are recognized as infections that do pass from a person to another when they come in contact sexually. These diseases are also recognized as venereal diseases (VD) or sexually transmitted infections or STIs. A few STDs do spread via the utilization of unsterilized drug needles whereas some from a mother to her infant at the time of childbirth or breastfeeding. Again, blood transfusions are also vital reasons for the transmission of the STDs. Commonly, the genital areas stay in warm and moist environments and so, they turn perfect for the growth of bacteria, viruses, and yeasts.
At times, people also run the danger of transmitting microorganisms that inhabit the mucous membranes or skin of the genitals. The infectious organisms do move between people in vaginal secretions, semen, or blood at the time of their sexual intercourse. People get infected with STDs easily when they aren’t making use of contraceptive devices, like dams, sanitizing sex toys, or condoms. Again, a few infections get transmitted via sexual contact though they aren’t named STDs. In this regard, it is important to name meningitis which gets passed on at the time of sexual contact, though people can get infected with meningitis infection for various other reasons. Therefore, it can’t be called a sexually transmitted disease.
The risk factors
According to the estimation of WHO (World Health Organization), more than one million novice STDs get acquired every day all over the world. People who are aged between 15 years and 24 years do acquire half of the novice STDs and one in four sexually active young females have found to be affected with STD. Nonetheless, the rates of STD among seniors too are increasing at a high speed. When this disease is left untreated, then STDs can cause serious health problems and these problems are blindness, cancer, infertility, or organ damage.
Based on the estimates from the CDC Trusted Source, nearly twenty million novice STDs happen every year in the US alone. Unluckily, numerous people fail to receive fast treatment for this disease and many STDs come with very slight non-specific symptoms. Sometimes, patients do not display any symptoms, and so, this disease continues to remain unnoticed. Again, the shame surrounding STDs also discourages many people from getting themselves tested. Still, testing is considered the only method for knowing whether or not you have an STD. Hence, it is always advisable to have a consultation with your physician for testing for an STD.
The diagnosis process of STDs
The health care professionals of the STD test in Chennai diagnose STDs. They ask personal questions to the patients related to their sexual history. It is extremely important for you to become honest about getting the best assistance. A health care professional might take fluid sample from your penis or vagina for confirming the problem. At times, they perform a blood test too. Laboratory tests do determine whether or not any viral or bacterial STDs are present.
- Blood tests – These tests show if you have been suffering from a disease that can infect the blood.
- Urine samples – These samples can show whether your urine has got bacteria.
- Fluid samples – These samples can show whether or not you have got active sores. It will also help health care professionals to diagnose the kind of infection.