One of the vital commodities in life that a person must have is water. Studies say that a person can stay alive for quite some time without food, but they will not survive without water. That said, you have to make sure that the water you consume is clean and safe. The best way to ensure that you have safe water to drink is by having a Berkey Filters water filtration system at home.
Tap water is always a part of any household. However, one could not just drink tap water because it has several bacteria, impurities, and microorganisms that can be detrimental to your health. Using a water filtration device that comes from Berkey Filter is a surefire way to have safe and better-tasting water. The thing is, how does the system work?
This article will provide you with information about the various stages of water filtration. The number of steps may vary, but we will discuss the vital stages here. You will also learn about each state’s role in the filtration procedure.
The stages of water filtration
- Coagulation and exchange of ions
As you may well know, tap water comes either from a well or some other water supply and is contaminated. The first step in water purification involves the removal of these contaminants. It is important to note that water also has heavy metals within it, and this step takes care of its separation from it.
The water receives chemicals like alum, and in doing, an accumulated mass called flocs form on the water. It attracts any unwanted particles in the water, then it pulls them down towards the bottom of the tank and settles there. An optional sub-stage included in this step is the adjustment of pH in the water.
As mentioned earlier, flocs form on the water, attracts dirty particles, and settles at the bottom of the tank. During this stage, sediment filters trap any dirt particles at the tank’s bottom. A water purification device from Berkey Filter uses these sediment filters to prevent any pollution in the equipment. After finishing the sedimentation stage, it flushes the collected dirt particles/sludge away from the system.
- Filtration stage along with granular activated carbon
In this stage, you will see the improved version of the age-old filtration process. Water passes through multiple layers of charcoal, sand, and other filtration materials. Now, if particles are still present in the water after the sedimentation stage, this step will altogether remove them. Granular activated carbon is also used in the water filtration procedure to remove chlorine, herbicides, and other pollutants from the water.
- Disinfection stage
A fully closed tank equipped with devices that emit ultraviolet lights is the water’s next destination. Here, the lights act as a sterilizing agent that kills any microorganisms found in the water. This step in the water filtration procedure is enough to thoroughly clean the water if it came from underground resources like rivers and streams. After completing the disinfection stage, the water flows through a tube that will lead it to the next step.
- Filters made of carbon
The pipe leads to a carbon-filtered device which separates the water from any leftover impurities. The removal of any contaminants from the water protects the machine from pollutants, and this ensures the passage of pure, clean water through the water filtration system.
- Reverse osmosis
As an added protection, a procedure called reverse osmosis removes any impurities in the water that may still linger within it. This stage removes any dissolved contaminants that resulted from the past steps. Finally, this is where the water gains its sweet taste.
After completing the filtration procedure, packaging the thoroughly cleaned and filtered water comes next, and this typically happens in a water filtration plant. However, if the device is installed in a household, this where you open your faucets and clean water flow out. Tools provided by Berkey Filter went through all these stages to ensure safe drinking water for everyone.
All these stages are improved versions of various water filtration methods done in the past centuries. Putting them all together in a single device would guarantee safe drinking water that is free from any contaminants and bacteria that cause diseases. Also, adding a sweet taste to the water would make people consume more up until they reach the recommended number of glasses per day. The result is a healthy family within the household.